Eye complications can affect patients of any age. Most people experience a lack of visual clarity as they grow older and a need for reading glasses becomes unavoidable. Others may be forced to wear glasses or contacts from early childhood. Regardless of the timing, clear vision is an important aspect of health. It can affect dexterity, balance, how the brain works, and personal quality of life.
Premature Birth and Eye Disease
When an infant is born very early, there are certain body parts that have not had enough time in the womb to fully grow. Instances of premature babies, or “preemies,” born with abnormal eye development are common. The biggest contributing factor to saving their eye sight is how quickly treatment begins.
Retinopathy is an atypical growth of blood vessels in the eye. It appears in up to 16,000 preterm births in America every year. Hundreds of infants are blinded as a result. A study conducted by the National Eye Institute found that early surgery reduced the likelihood of poor vision by 25% or more. The study specified that, for babies born at 23 to 28 weeks of their gestational period, the surgery should ideally be performed at what would have been their 35th gestational week.
Glaucoma is a cloudiness of vision, usually due to ocular hypertension in adults. It involves nerve damage and loss of retinal ganglion cells in characteristic patterns. The two main types are open-angle and closed-angle glaucoma. Open-angle glaucoma is a very slow process and can be difficult to identify in its earliest stages. It accounts for more than 90% of all glaucoma cases in the United States and can lead to blindness if left untreated.
There are several types of surgery to help glaucoma patients. The main purpose of these surgeries is to facilitate the release of excess aqueous humor from the eyes. This relieves the intraocular pressure causing the glaucoma. Depending on the success of the surgery, the patient may experience partial or almost complete relief of eye pressure. However, glaucoma eye surgery is not guaranteed to be a permanent fix.
Lasik Eye Surgery
Whether vision problems are new or old issues for a patient, Lasik eye surgery may help. It is a young type of refractive surgery that can give many patients near 20/20 vision. This outpatient procedure is commonly used for correcting hyperopia, myopia, and astigmatism. Lasik eye surgery reshapes the corneas of the eye to sharpen a patient’s vision.
Despite the immense benefits that Lasik eye surgery can offer, there are also serious risks involved. Since it is a new procedure, studies are still being conducted to minimize error and perfect the surgical process. Some post-surgery patients experience halos around lights, starbursts, cloudiness, dry eyes, and poor night vision. None of these symptoms are correctable with glasses or contact lenses. It is imperative that a hopeful patient thoroughly consider the benefits and risks of such a new surgical procedure.